4,000 year old settlement discovered in Oman
|A team of archaeologists have discovered a settlement dating back to 2000 BC, according to officials at the Ministry of Heritage and Culture [Credit: Oman News Agency]|
He said that after the ROP informed the department about the discovery of some graves at the site, Omani archaeologists, some of them Sultan Qaboos University (SQU) graduates and some trained by the ministry, began working on the site.
“The team has unearthed a settlement and an archaeological cemetery that dates back to 2000 BC, which is also called the Wadi Souq period,” the ministry official said referring to a period between 1900 BC and 1100 BC.
He added that the team had completed the work on a site that spans over three kilometres and next season further surveys will be carried out to see if there are similar sites around the area.
|Artefacts from the recently discovered settlement in Oman dating back to 2000 BC [Credit: Oman News Agency]|
The subsequent excavation works by archaeologists included a number of tombs of the Wadi Souq period. “The oval, rectangular tombs look like the letter ‘U’,” he added.
The tombs include body remains, arrow heads, daggers, knives, needles, brass necklaces, local and imported beads from neighbouring cultures, clay utensils and soapstone.
Al Bakri said that this was the second such discovery of a 2000 BC site in northern Oman after similar finds in the coastal city of Sohar about 231kms north of Muscat.
“These discoveries further establishes proof of northern Oman being a vital copper trade link during the bronze age between the Harappa civilisation, Bahrain’s Delmon civilisation and Iran’s civilisation in Mesopotamia,” the senior archaeologist said.
Author: Sunil K. Vaidya | Source: Gulf News [December 30, 2012]