"Uruk: 5000 Years of the Megacity" at the Pergamonmuseum in Berlin
|Discovery of the statuette of a High Priest' in a vessel [Credit: © Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, Orient Abteilung]|
|Mask of Humbaba, 2nd Millennium BC. [Credit: © The Trustees of the British Museum]|
|Colossal statue of Gilgamesh, end of 8th Century BC [© Staatliche Museen zu Berlin,Vorderasiatisches Museum/Olaf M. Teßmer]|
|Seal and imprint showing the ruler ('High=Priest') feeding the flock surrounded by symbols of the goddess Inana, from the end of the 4th Millennium BC [Credit: © Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum/Olaf M. Teßmer]|
|Cuneiform tablet from Uruk, end of the 4th Millennium BC [Credit: © The Trustees of the British Museum]|
|Terracotta relief with representation from the Gilgamesh Epic, 2nd Millennium BC [Credit: © Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum/Olaf M. Teßmer]|
After the German Oriental Society was granted the necessary license from the Ottoman Empire, German teams commenced excavation work in Uruk in November 1912. The turbulent political situation and ensuing military conflict soon put a stop to their endeavour, setting a trend that has sadly continued to affect work at the site repeatedly to this day. More than forty excavation campaigns have taken place so far in all. Even though less than five percent of the huge area that once made up the city has been explored so far, the current findings provide us with a wealth of details on the ancient Near-Eastern city of Uruk.
|Mass-produced pottery from Uruk, end of 4th Millennium BC [Credit: © Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Vorderasiatisches Museum/Olaf M. Teßmer]|
|Digital reconstruction of the Ziggurrat dedicated to the goddess Inana/Ishtar from the UR III period,end of the 3rd Millennium BC [Credit: © artefacts-berlin.de; wissenschaftliches Material: Deutsches Archäologisches Institut]|
The exhibition at Berlin
The first stage of the show will be presented in a part of the Vorderasiatisches Museum's permanent exhibition in the south wing of the Pergamonmuseum. Since its opening in 1930, the Pergamonmuseum has been home to breath-taking reconstructions of the more than 5000 year-old clay cone mosaics that characterized the large architectural monuments that arose as a consequence of the burgeoning urban culture. As part of the major exhibition 'URUK - 5000 Years of the Megacity', these earliest examples of urban architecture will be presented along with newly produced virtual reconstructions.
For more information visit the exhibition's website
Source: Staatliche Museen zu Berlin [November 15, 2012]