2,000 year old burial complex found in Mexico
|The tomb consists of a funerary complex made up by a vertical well of varying depth that leads to a vault where the dead were deposited [Credit: CENTRO INAH COLIMA]|
“At first they identified the burials because of the odd rock groupings that were used to cover them, they also found evidence of ceramic material which drove us deeper into the investigation”, explained Marco Zavaleta.
“At the burial’s center –he added– they discovered a unique shaft tomb; unique, because its shaft (1.2 meters [3.9 feet] deep) was covered by a mud mix that had not been found in Colima.
|The remains of 28 individuals, estimated between 1,500 and 2.500 years old, were found in the tomb [Credit: CENTRO INAH COLIMA]|
Rosa Maria Flores, physical anthropologist at INAH, detected a perfectly round perforation in the temple of one of the craniums, which will be studied in detail at the Anthropology Laboratory at the Regional Museum in Colima, to confirm it was a trepanation and analyze the motives behind its fulfillment.
According to the archaeologist, the shaft tomb held more than 20 ceramic offerings, among them: pots, bowls, plates, censers and two hollow bowls in the shape of dogs. “By association with the pieces –characteristic in this entity and known in the Comala style–, the osseous remains must date back to the first five hundred years after Christ”, explained the archaeologist.
|Burial markers found at the entrance of the tomb stone [Credit: CENTRO INAH COLIMA]|
Around the tomb, two meters away, they found a great quantity of burials, which correspond to wells that were excavated in tepetate “limestone”. Marco Zavaleta indicated that up to date they have only investigated the north and south areas, where they have recovered 16 burials, two of them doubles.
It’s important to mention that 6 of the 16 burials –the double burial counted among them– contained offerings with ceramic objects (pots, bowls, cups, and anthropomorphic female figurines with short skirts, loincloth and a headdress), along with tomb markers at the topmost part, which highlight them among the other funerary spaces and suggests that these could have been individuals with a high social ranks.
Source: INAH via Art Daily [May 10, 2013]