Bulgaria’s 2013 season draws to a close
|The two-wheeled carriage and carcasses of the horses (foreground) were found in a Thracian tomb along with some decorations [Credit: Rex/Daily Mail]|
Gergova described the find as unique for Bulgaria, the first physical evidence confirming some of the historical theories about Thracian culture. A mural of a two-wheel chariot has been previously found in a burial mound near Kazanluk, but the two chariots previously found by Bulgarian archaeologists both had four wheels, she said.
Gergova said that it was too early to draw conclusions about the burial site, but said it was likely evidence of the burial rites practices by Getae tribes. She estimated that the burial dated back to the third or fourth century BCE.
|It is possible to see metal decorations (now discoloured green) that would probably have been on the horses' harnesses. This might suggest they were put into a narrow pit alive, pulling the carriage before they were killed [Credit: Rex/Daily Mail]|
A distinctive feature of the Sveshtari site is that the dozens of burials follow the pattern of the constellation Orion.
Near the village of Balei, in Vidin district, archaeologists led by Georgi Ivanov and Tanya Hristova, continued to excavate the necropolis of a settlement dating back to the middle of the second millennium BCE.
|Cremation urns from the Balei necropolis [Credit: Veneta Pavlova]|
Even older is the site near Suvorovo, in Varna district, where archaeologists led by Vladimir Slavchev have been excavating a pottery workshop believed to be about 6500 years old.
Although archaeologists have previously found the remains of ovens that could have been used to fire clay pots, the Suvorovo site is the first confirmed pottery workshop excavated in Bulgaria.
|Necklace of gold and mineral pieces with gold amulet, Eneolithic necropolis, late Eneolithic period [Credit: Varna Museum of Archaeology]|
The site belongs to the same Eneolithic (or Chalcholithic) culture that produced the Varna necropolis, which yielded some of the oldest golden jewellery in human history, dating back to the middle of the fifth millennium BCE.
Another site that has seen extensive excavation this summer is near the town of Pomorie at the Black Sea coast. There, the team led by Sergei Torbatov has been focusing on the ruins of a Roman villa, believed to have belonged to one of the richest families in the town of Anchialos.
|Ancient Anchialos [Credit: Burga News]|
Items found by the archaeologists include a Roman imperial trade seal from the fourth century CE, a bronze cross necklace from the 11th or 12th century, as well as a pewter seal of a guard captain.
Source: The Sofia Globe [September 25, 2013]