Proto-agricultural activity found in Mexican rock shelter
|Evidence of Archaic Period incipient agriculture located in the El Morro,|
Nuevo León [Credit: Araceli Estrada INAH]
Araceli Rivera pointed out the importance of this finding since “proof that nomadic collectors-hunters of the region had been around since the Arcaic period. This will lead us to reevaluate the categories in which indigenous groups south of the state are designated”.
The investigator explained that the eldest registry of the three main crops domesticated in Mexico (corn, pumpkin and beans) originate from caves excavated in the 50’s and 60’s: Romero and Valenzuela, close to Ocampo (Tamaulipas); Coxcatlan and San Marcos, in the valley of Tehuacan (Puebla) and Guila Naquitz (oaxaca), with antiquities that date back from 7 thousand to 3 thousand years before Christ.
|Thousands of corn cobs and corn husks were found in the|
rock-shelter [Credit: Araceli Estrada INAH]
The remains of the rural food produce are evidence of the material culture, subsistence patterns that were made by harvests and collectors. The cave paintings made by these groups reflect technological, social and ideological aspects. Cave Paintings
Araceli Rivera, who during several years has been dedicated to unraveling the significance of cave paintings and petroglyphs, emphasized that in Nuevo Leon there is an abundance of such manifestations in diverse rocky shelters used for housing and numerous rocks with engravings.
|Wrapped corn husks [Credit: Araceli Estrada INAH]|
Also, the archaeologist concluded, they have found large quantities of lithic material and arrow heads of the Paleoindian period (8200 BC) and the Arcaic; as well as fossils belonging to mammoths, mastodonts, horses, camels, llamas and bisons principally salvaged from deposits in Nuevo Leon.
Source: INAH via Art Daily [November 28, 2013]