4,000 year old Kurgan burial unearthed in Georgia
|Here, the roof of a 4,000-year-old burial chamber buried in a Kurgan (mound) |
in the country of Georgia [Credit: Zurab Makharadze]
Archaeologists discovered the timber burial chamber within a 39-foot-high (12 meters) mound called a kurgan. When the archaeologists reached the chamber they found an assortment of treasures, including two chariots, each with four wooden wheels.
"In the burial chamber were placed two four-wheeled chariots, both in good condition, [the] design of which represents fine ornamental details of various styles," Makharadze wrote. The chamber also contained wild fruits, he added.
The burial dates back to a time before domesticated horses appeared in the area, Makharadze said. While no animals were found buried with the chariots, he said, oxen would have pulled them.
|The archaeologists found a number of well-preserved artifacts, including finds made|
of gold at the site in the country of Georgia. The red artifact seen here is actually
the handle of a basket [Credit: Zurab Makharadze]
These interactions appear to have led to some individuals, like this chief, getting elaborate burials. The newly discovered armchair symbolizes the power that individuals like the chief had. "The purpose of the wooden armchair was the indication to power, and it was put in the kurgan as a symbol of power," Makharadze said in the email.
The kurgan was found in eastern Georgia near the municipality of Lagodekhi and was excavated in 2012.
Author: Owen Jarus | Source: LiveScience [June 25, 2014]